Category: west nile virus

West Nile virus detected in Utah mosquitoes

GRAND COUNTY, Utah — West Nile virus was detected in mosquitoes collected in the Scott M. Matheson Wetlands Preserve on July 2, according to the Grand County Sheriff’s office.

Test results returned from the Utah Public Health Lab Thursday, confirming the virus in Culex mosquitoes, which transmit the disease through nighttime bites.

The wetlands are just west of Moab.

The Southeast Utah Health Department says people should avoid mosquito bites by wearing brightly-colored long-sleeve shirts, long pants and repellent at night.

Repellent should be registered with the EPA and use one of the following active ingredients: DEET, Picaridin, oil of lemon eucalyptus,  para-menthane-diol, 2-undecanone.

Officials also recommend removing stagnant water to reduce mosquito populations.

The Matheson Wetlands are scheduled for an aerial larvicide treatment on July 14 and insecticide spraying will be done in the area two hours after the first stars appear, which is a peak flight time for Culex mosquitoes.

The full release from the Moab Mosquito Abatement District is below.

“West Nile virus was detected in mosquitoes collected on July 2, 2019, by the Moab Mosquito Abatement District in the Scott M. Matheson Wetlands Preserve. Positive results were returned by the Utah Public Health Lab on July 11, 2019.

West Nile virus is transmitted by Culex mosquitoes that bite at night. The peak flight time for the vector Culex mosquitoes is in the two hours after the first stars appear near sunset. Insecticide spraying (fogging) will be done at that time and in those areas where Culex numbers pose significant risk. In addition, the Matheson Wetlands are scheduled for an aerial larvicide treatment Sunday, July 14.

People should avoid mosquito bites after dark by wearing long sleeves that are brightly colored, long pants, and repellent. Use Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)-registered insect repellents with one of the following active ingredients DEET: Picaridin (known as KBR 3023 and Icaridin outside the US), IR3535, Oil of lemon eucalyptus (OLE), Para-menthane-diol (PMD), 2-undecanone. When used as directed, EPA-registered insect repellents are proven safe and effective, even for pregnant and breastfeeding women. It is especially important to prevent night mosquito bites by having good window screens and by using a screened tent if sleeping outside.

Removing stagnant water, such as water in unmaintained swimming pools, hot tubs, wading pools, water filled buckets, livestock water troughs, and flood-irrigated fields will reduce mosquito populations.

If a person is infected by West Nile virus, the risk of serious disease is low. Most of those affected will have a mild to severe flu-like illness with muscle aches, fever, rash, and headache that usually lasts a few days but can last months. In rare cases those infected may get meningitis or encephalitis. Those at greatest risk of serious disease are those with weakened immune systems, diabetes, high blood pressure, or kidney disease. The elderly are at greatest risk for severe complications. The overall death rate is about one for every thousand infected individuals.

Horses are much more likely to suffer from the virus but no properly vaccinated horse is known to have suffered significant illness from the virus. Contact your veterinarian about equine vaccination.

Crows, ravens, magpies, jays, hawks, eagles, and owls are often killed by West Nile virus. If you see one of these birds behaving in an oddly sick manner, or find one fresh-dead for no apparent reason, contact Mosquito Abatement. The birds will not be collected, but their incidence can help determine the extent of West Nile virus activity.

To report stagnant water or recently deceased birds or horses, call Mosquito Abatement at 259-7161.”

New ISU Study Tells us Where and When West Nile is Most Common in Iowa

AMES, Iowa — A massive study conducted by Iowa State University is complete, and now we know more than ever about West Nile virus in our state.

“So, this is a study that really captured 15 years of West Nile, from the introduction of the virus into the state in 2002 and the 15 years that followed,” said Ryan Smith an entomology professor at ISU.

Smith says the study has provided his department a wealth of information.

The study found that a particular mosquito, the Tarsalis mosquito, is responsible for most cases of West Nile.

Capture data shows they are most common in the western and southwestern parts of the state. The Tarsalis is brown with white stripes across its legs and midsection.

Smith says the virus needs time to develop in the mosquitoes, so they are more likely to be carrying it in the late summer months. Finally, you’re more likely to be bitten in the evening hours. Smith says with much of their territory flooded out, this summer could be particularly nasty.

“If this water doesn’t resign over the course of the summer, it could also serve as a breeding habitat for a lot of these mosquitoes that can actually transmit disease, and I think that’s something that we’re very interested in monitoring,” said Smith.

West Nile is nothing to scoff at, just ask Ronda Hoing. The emergency room nurse had to be taken to the ER herself after being bitten near Saylorville last August.

“One weekend at work I was having headaches and I was joking with my friends that if I fall over I probably had a stroke or something,” said Hoing.

The headache turned into an almost 105-degree fever, she went septic, and her mental state was deteriorating.

“People would ask me questions and I knew what I wanted to say, but I couldn’t get the words out,” she said.

West Nile attacks the central nervous system. Hoing took a month to fully recover, and now says she wants to advocate caution when dealing with mosquito season.

“It was very scary because of course I started researching. Most people have minimal symptoms, but the people that do get it bad, a lot of them die,” said Hoing.

During the 15-year study, there were 498 reported cases of West Nile in Iowa. Smith says that many more cases go unreported because their symptoms are mild.