How To Install Anaconda on MacOS

How To Install Anaconda on MacOS

Anaconda is an open-source platform that is used for R programming and Python. That contains a large number of packages and repositories. It is important in its functionality as it provides processing and computing data on a large scale and also to program in python language. a

The Anaconda provides an easily manageable environment for python applications. It provides a variety of tools for collecting data from various sources using machine learning and AI. With the help of Anaconda, we can deploy applications with a single button click.

This blog post will help you to install and use the Anaconda on the macOS system with step-by-step instructions.

Installing Anaconda3 on MacOS

A shell script is provided for installing Anaconda on the macOS system. We can download the shell script from the official website Follow the below steps to install Anaconda3 on macOS systems:

  1. Use the curl command line utility to download the Anaconda installer script from the official site. Visit the Anaconda installer script download page to check for the latest versions. Then, download the script as below:
    curl -O https://repo.anaconda.com/archive/Anaconda3-2022.05-MacOSX-x86_64.sh 
    
    How to Install Anaconda on MacOS
    Download Anaconda3 Command Line Installer for macOS
  2. Let’s move to the next step and execute the Anaconda installer script as below:
    bash ~/Downloads/Anaconda3-2022.05-MacOSX-x86_64.sh 
    
    Installing Anaconda on MacOS
    Start Anaconda installation on macOS

    Follow the wizard instructions to complete the Anaconda installation process. You need to provide inputs during the installation process as described below: Use the above command to run the downloaded installer script with the bash shell.

  3. Type “yes” to accept the Anaconda license agreement to continue.

    Installing Anaconda on MacOS
    Accept license terms to continue Anaconda installation on macOS

  4. Verify the directory location for Anaconda installation on the macOS system. Just hit Enter to continue installer to that directory.
    How to Install Anaconda on MacOS
    Confirm the Anaconda installation directory
  5. Type “yes” to initialize the Anaconda installer on your system.
    How to Install Anaconda on MacOS
    Initialize the Anaconda with conda init
  6. You will see the below message on successful Anaconda installation on the macOS system.

    How to Install Anaconda on MacOS
    Anaconda installation successfully on macOS

  7. The Anaconda Installation Completed Successfully on your macOS system. The installer added the environment settings in .bashrc file. Now, activate the installation using the following command:
    source ~/.bashrc 
    
  8. Now we are in the default base of the programming environment. To verify the installation we will open conda list.
    conda list 
    
    Output:
    # packages in environment at /Users/admin/anaconda3: # # Name Version Build Channel _ipyw_jlab_nb_ext_conf 0.1.0 py39hecd8cb5_1 aiohttp 3.8.1 py39hca72f7f_1 aiosignal 1.2.0 pyhd3eb1b0_0 alabaster 0.7.12 pyhd3eb1b0_0 anaconda 2022.05 py39_0 anaconda-client 1.9.0 py39hecd8cb5_0 anaconda-navigator 2.1.4 py39hecd8cb5_0 anaconda-project 0.10.2 pyhd3eb1b0_0 anyio 3.5.0 py39hecd8cb5_0 appdirs 1.4.4 pyhd3eb1b0_0 applaunchservices 0.2.1 pyhd3eb1b0_0 appnope 0.1.2 py39hecd8cb5_1001 appscript 1.1.2 py39h9ed2024_0 ... ...

Enable/Disable Default Base Environment

You can also control whether or not your shell has the base environment activated each time it opens. The following commands only work if conda init has been run first

  • The base environment is activated by default
    conda config --set auto_activate_base True 
    
  • The base environment is not activated by default
    conda config --set auto_activate_base False 
    

How to Update Anaconda on macOS

You can easily update the Anaconda and packages using the conda binary. To upgrade the Anaconda on your system, type:

conda update --all 
Output:
Collecting package metadata (current_repodata.json): done Solving environment: done ## Package Plan ## environment location: /home/tecadmin/anaconda3 The following packages will be downloaded: package | build ---------------------------|----------------- anaconda-navigator-2.2.0 | py39h06a4308_0 5.1 MB conda-4.13.0 | py39h06a4308_0 895 KB conda-build-3.21.9 | py39h06a4308_0 533 KB ------------------------------------------------------------ Total: 6.5 MB The following packages will be UPDATED: anaconda-navigator 2.1.4-py39h06a4308_0 --> 2.2.0-py39h06a4308_0 conda 4.12.0-py39h06a4308_0 --> 4.13.0-py39h06a4308_0 conda-build 3.21.8-py39h06a4308_2 --> 3.21.9-py39h06a4308_0 Proceed ([y]/n)? y

Press “y” to proceed with the update process. The output will show you all the newly installed packages, or upgrading current ones and removing unnecessary ones.

How to Exit from Conda Terminal

Just type the following command from the Conda terminal to exit from it and get the regular terminal back.

conda deactivate 

You can see the terminal is back to the normal:

How to Uninstall Anaconda

If you no longer used the Anaconda on your system. You can uninstall it by removing the installation directories and files created under the home directory.

rm -rf ~/anaconda3 ~/.conda  

Then, edit the ~/.zshrc file:

vim ~/.zshrc  

Navigate to the end of the file and remove the Anaconda environment configuration as shown below images.

Installing Anaconda on MacOS
Anaconda settings in ~/.zshrc file

Press ESC and type :wq and then press Enter button to save file.

Conclusion

You can use Anaconda to manage scientific computing, workloads for data science, analytics, and large-scale data processing. In this article, we have learned how to install anaconda on macOS from its original source.

The post How To Install Anaconda on MacOS appeared first on TecAdmin.

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